Quelques ouvrages sur la question de l’économie d’attention et le design numérique (article remis à jour régulièrement so…)
Galloway defines interfaces as “action-oriented processes.” They have “effects” (thus the title), “as they transform material states and are themselves effects of other things.” This theoretical work investigates how such transformations occur and the effects they enable. It starts by discussing the actuality of Manovich’s “Language of new media” book (sometimes with irony: “when Jean-Luc Godard becomes a plug-in, we must look beyond the Nouvelle Vague”) before continuing to explore how interfaces can be “unworkable” and manifesting their ambiguousness, which is sometimes related to the infinite interpretability of their signs and abstractions. The processes that interfaces enable are “autonomous zones of aesthetic activity,” and the author interprets them in a pure political way. On the other hand code and software are “functional” elements (a metaphor describing the desktop: “functional emanation of the source code”). The author also discusses the representability of data through graphical abstractions, analyses the crime TV series “24″ and its use of database cliché in its plot, metaphorically “extracting data from organic bodies” during interrogations, and looks at racial coding in video games like World of Warcraft. Galloway’s theory is dense, referencing different philosophical discourses. It is sometimes interrupted by an informal style, but always poses open questions and leaves room for future development.
Alexander R. Galloway is an associate professor of Media, Culture, and Communication at New York University. He is a founding member of the software collective RSG and creator of the Carnivore and Kriegspiel projects.
Digital systems, such as phones, computers and PDAs, place continuous demands on our cognitive and perceptual systems. They offer information and interaction opportunities well above our processing abilities, and often interrupt our activity. Appropriate allocation of attention is one of the key factors determining the success of creative activities, learning, collaboration, and many other human pursuits. This book presents research related to human attention in digital environments. Original contributions by leading researchers cover the conceptual framework of research aimed at modelling and supporting human attentional processes, the theoretical and software tools currently available, and various application areas. The authors explore the idea that attention has a key role to play in the design of future technology and discuss how such technology may continue supporting human activity in environments where multiple devices compete for people’s limited cognitive resources.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Claudia Roda
Part I. Concepts:
2. Human attention and its implications for HCI Claudia Roda
3. The management of visual attention in graphic displays Ronald A. Rensink
4. Cognitive load theory, attentional processes and optimized learning outcomes in a digital environment Renae Low, Putai Jin and John Sweller
5. Salience sensitive control, temporal attention and stimulus-rich reactive interfaces Howard Bowman, Li Su, Brad Wyble and Phil J. Barnard
Part II. Theoretical and Software Tools:
6. Attention-aware intelligent embodied agents Benoit Morel and Laurent Ach
7. Tracking of visual attention and adaptive applications Kari-Jouko Räihä, Aulikki Hyrskykari and Päivi Majaranta
8. Contextualised attention metadata Hans-Christian Schmitz, Martin Wolpers, Uwe Kirschenmann and Katja Niemann
9. Modelling attention within a complete cognitive architecture Georgi Stojanov and Andrea Kulakov
Part III. Applications:
10. A display with two depth layers: attentional segregation and declutter Frank Kooi
11. Attention management for self-regulated learning: AtGentSchool Inge Molenaar, Carla van Boxtel, Peter Sleegers and Claudia Roda
12. Managing attention in the social web: the AtGentNet approach Thierry Nabeth and Nicolas Maisonneuve.
Claudia Roda is Professor of Computer Science and Global Communication and Director of the Division of Arts and Sciences at the American University of Paris.